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Customs offices and inspection posts along the 1864 border

Both Denmark and the German Empire had customs offices and border inspection posts at crossing points and connecting roads between the two countries. Broder inspection was reinforced during the rinderpest in Germany in 1877, the cholera epidemic in 1892 and during WWI from 1914-1918.

The customs border offices were divided into three categories according to the amount of traffic passing through.

The highest classification consisted of a Border Duties Collection Office in Denmark and Nebenzollamt I in Germany, where all import and export could be cleared. These were manned by customs inspectors and gendarmes.

The middle classification consisted of border customs checkpoints or Nebenzollamt II, which were managed by customs inspectors, who could only clear certain types of goods.

The lowest classification consisted of reporting posts/statistical reporting posts, which were managed by border gendarmes who merely noted the amount of goods passing through.


Along the 1864- border in Esbjerg Municipality, Danish border customs checkpoints were situated on the coast facing Mandø, Vester Vedsted, Egebæk, the train station in Egebæk-Hviding, Klåby, Høm, Hømlund, Gelsbro/Skallebæk, Obbekær, Fæsted Hede, Kalvslund and Villebøl. In addition, there was a larger customs border office in Ribe.

German border customs checkpoints were to be found near Høgsbro, the train station in Egebæk-Hviding, Vesterbæk, Fjærsted, Gelsbro, Harreby and Bavnegård.